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Urban residents need universal access to core public services, such as waste collection and recycling, water and sanitation, transport, energy, health and social services, education. And, any sustainable solution must address the issues of migration/refugees and the problems of slums, which trap hundreds of millions in conditions of desperation.
One of the key issues for local and regional governments is finance. The 20-year experiment with decentralization has brought decisions about services closer to the people who receive them, however, this process has not been accompanied by decentralized tax powers or guaranteed financing. Thus, many city and municipal governments are starved for funds. This will be further aggravated by the investment needs for moving to low or zero carbon communities. As it stands, the majority of so-called “green funds” appear to be oriented towards market-based solutions. Which funds can be adapted to the needs of cities and public services? Just Transition for municipal workers is an essential part of the deal, and will be part of the Million Climate Jobs.
Illustrate and grasp the challenges of the local and city dimension of climate change and its consequences faced by local governments, civil society as well as municipal workers and their trade unions. Explore solutions and current practices for confronting such challenges, including financing for preparedness, mitigation and adaptation measures as well as social dialogue mechanisms.